MySQL is the most popular Open Source Relational SQL Database Management System. It is one of the best RDBMS server used for developing various web-based software applications. It is developed, marketed and supported by MySQL AB, which is a Swedish company.
This software is designed for enterprise organizations delivering business-critical database applications. It gives corporate developers, DBAs, and ISVs an array of new enterprise features to make more productive developing, deploying, and managing industrial-strength applications.
If you need a GUI for MySQL Database, you can download – NAVICAT (MySQL GUI). It supports to import Oracle, MS SQL, MS Access, Excel, CSV, XML, or other formats to the program.
This Database Server delivers new enterprise features, including ACID Transactions to build reliable and secure business-critical applications. Stored procedures to improve developer productivity. Triggers to enforce complex business rules at the database level. Views to ensure sensitive information is not compromised.
It was originally developed to handle large databases much faster than existing solutions and has been successfully used in highly demanding production environments for several years. Although under constant development, this Server today offers a rich and useful set of functions. Its connectivity, speed, and security make this Server highly suited for accessing databases on the Internet.
This software is an Oracle-backed open-source relational database management system (RDBMS) based on Structured Query Language (SQL). It runs on virtually all platforms, including Linux, UNIX, and Windows. It is an important component of an open-source enterprise stack called LAMP.
The MySQL Database Software is a client/server system that consists of a multithreaded SQL server that supports different back ends, several different client programs and libraries, administrative tools, and a wide range of application programming interfaces (APIs).
Relational Database System: Like almost all other database systems on the market, MySQL is a relational database system.
Client/Server Architecture: It is a client/server system. There is a database server (MySQL) and arbitrarily many clients (application programs), which communicate with the server.
SQL compatibility: It supports as its database language – as its name suggests – SQL (Structured Query Language). SQL is a standardized language for querying and updating data and for the administration of a database.
SubSELECTs: It is capable of processing a query in the form SELECT * FROM table1 WHERE x IN (SELECT y FROM table2) (There are also numerous syntax variants for subSELECTs.).
Views: Put simply, views relate to an SQL query that is viewed as a distinct database object and makes possible a particular view of the database. MySQL has supported views since version 5.0.
Stored procedures: Here we are dealing with SQL code that is stored in the database system.
Triggers: Triggers are SQL commands that are automatically executed by the server in certain database operations (INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE). It has supported triggers in a limited form from version 5.0, and additional functionality is promised for version 5.1.
Unicode: It supports all conceivable character sets since version 4.1, including Latin-1, Latin-2, and Unicode (either in the variant UTF8 or UCS2).
User interface: There are a number of convenient user interfaces for administering a MySQL server.
Full-text search: Full-text search simplifies and accelerates the search for words that are located within a text field. If you employ this software for storing text (such as in an Internet discussion group), you can use a full-text search to implement simply an efficient search function.
Replication: Replication allows the contents of a database to be copied (replicated) onto a number of computers.
Transactions: In the context of a database system, a transaction means the execution of several database operations as a block. The database system ensures that either all of the operations are correctly executed or none of them.
Foreign key constraints: These are rules that ensure that there are no cross-references in linked tables that lead to nowhere. It supports foreign key constraints for InnoDB tables.
GIS functions: Since version 4.1, It has supported the storing and processing of two-dimensional geographical data. Thus, it is well suited for GIS (geographic information systems) applications.
Programming languages: There are quite a number of APIs (application programming interfaces) and libraries for the development of its applications. For client programming, you can use, among others, the languages C, C++, Java, Perl, PHP, Python, and Tcl.
ODBC: It supports the ODBC interface connector/ODBS. This allows MySQL to be addressed by all the usual programming languages that run under Microsoft Windows.
Platform independence: The most important are Apple Macintosh OS X, Linux, Microsoft Windows, and the countless Unix variants, such as AIX, BSDI, FreeBSD, HP-UX, OpenBSD, Net BSD, SGI Iris, and Sun Solaris.
Speed: It is considered a very fast database program. This speed has been backed up by a large number of benchmark tests.
How to Install MySQL?
To install MySQL double-click on the setup installer file and follow the steps below:
Step 1 – Windows configures setup Installer
Step 2 – Welcome Screen: A welcome screen provides several options. Choose the first option: Install Products
Step 3 – Download the latest products: installer checks and downloads the latest products.
Step 4 – Click the Next button to continue
Step 5 – Choosing a Setup Type: there are several setup types available. Choose the Full option to install all products and features.
Step 6 – Checking Requirements
Installation Progress: Installer downloads all selected products. It will take a while, depending on which products you selected and the speed of your internet connection.
Step 7.1: Installation Progress: downloading Products in progress.
Step 7.2 – Installation Progress: Complete Downloading. Click the Next button to continue…
Step 8 – Configuration Overview. Click the Next button to configure Database Server
Step 8.1.1 – Server Configuration: choose Config Type and port (3006 by default) and click the Next button to continue.
Step 8.1-2 – Server Configuration: choose a password for the root account. Please note the password download and keep it securely if you are installing MySQL database server on a production server. If you want to add a more user, you can do it in this step.
Step 8.1.3 – Server Configuration: choose Windows service details including Windows Service Name and account type, then click the Next button to continue.
Step 8.1.4 – Server Configuration – In Progress: Installer is configuring a database server. you Wait until it is done and click the Next button to continue.
Step 8.1.5 – Server Configuration – Done. Click the Next button to continue.
Step 8.2 – Configuration Overview: setup installs sample databases and sample models.
Step 9 – Installation Completes: the installation completes. Click the Finish button to close the installation wizard and launch MySQL.
Pros and Cons
|It is Free open source databases.||It is Heavily dependent on add-ons.|
|It Massively flexible and multi-platform.|
|It Used by some of the largest sites out there.|
|Requirement||Windows Vista, Windows 2003, Windows 7, Windows 10, Windows 2000, Windows 9x, Windows 8, Windows XP, Windows 10 64-bit|